Calculating NEL Benefits
- Benefit Payments
- Application Date
- This policy applies to all decisions made on or after March 30, 2011, for injuries/diseases on or after January 2, 1990.
- Non-Economic Loss (NEL) (Accidents from 1990)
- Calculating NEL Benefits
- Document No.
To calculate NEL benefits, the WSIB
- identifies the base amount and age adjustment factor for the year the worker reached maximum medical recovery (MMR), see 11-01-05, Determining Maximum Medical Recovery
- adjusts the base amount according to the worker's age at the time of the accident, and
- multiplies the new base amount by the permanent impairment rating to get the NEL benefit.
In most claims, a worker receives a NEL benefit for one permanent impairment resulting from an injury/disease. To calculate a NEL benefit for workers with a single impairment, the WSIB follows the 3 steps described below.
Identify the correct base amount and the age adjustment factor for the year the worker reached MMR, see 18-01-02, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents from 1998 and 18-01-03, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents before 1998.
David's accident occurred in 2010, and he reached MMR in 2011. The base amount for workers whose MMR date is in 2011 is $57,069.08, and the adjustment factor is $1,268.66.
Adjust the base amount according to the worker's age at the time of the accident.
If the worker was under 45 when the accident occurred, the WSIB increases the base amount by the adjustment factor for each year the worker was under 45, up to a maximum of 20 years.
David was 30 when his accident happened, i.e., 15 years under 45. As a result the WSIB increases the base amount of $57,069.08 by the adjustment factor of $1,268.66 x 15, to get the new base amount.
$57,069.08 + $19,029.90 = $76,098.98 (new base amount)
If the worker was over 45 when the accident occurred, the WSIB decreases the base amount by the adjustment factor for each year over 45, up to a maximum of 20 years.
If David had been 60 when his accident happened, i.e., 15 years over 45, the WSIB would have decreased the base amount of $57,069.08 by the adjustment factor of $1,268.66 x 15 to get the new base amount.
$57,069.08 - $19,029.90 = $38,039.18 (new base amount)
Determine the value of the NEL benefit.
The WSIB multiplies the new base amount by the worker's permanent impairment rating, see 18-05-03, Determining the Degree of Permanent Impairment.
If David's permanent impairment is rated at 10%, his NEL benefit is
$76,098.98 x 10% = $7,609.89 (NEL benefit for 30 year-old David)
$38,039.18 x 10% = $3,803.90 (NEL benefit for 60 year-old David)
In some cases, workers receive a NEL benefit for more than one permanent impairment resulting from the same injury/disease. The WSIB rates each body part, system, or function and then combines these values using the prescribed Combined Values Chart (CVC Chart) of the American Medical Association's Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment, 3rd edition (revised).
A 35 year old worker injured his lower back and knee and reached MMR in 2011. His lower back is rated at 12%, his knee at 6%. The WSIB combines these values, using the prescribed CVC chart.
$57,069.08 + (10 X $1,268.66) x 17% = $11,858.46
base amount age adjustment rating value of NEL
NEL benefits may be paid monthly or as a lump sum depending on whether the benefit is under or over the threshold, and in some cases, on the payment option selected by the worker.
The NEL benefit threshold is set annually. The NEL threshold for each worker is based on the year the worker reaches MMR. For a complete list of the NEL benefit threshold amounts to date, see 18-01-02, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents from 1998 and 18-01-03, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents before 1998.
|NEL Amount||Payment Option|
|NEL benefits at or under the threshold||Automatically paid as a lump sum|
|NEL benefits over the threshold||Automatically paid as a lump sum after 30 days unless the worker elects to have the benefit paid monthly|
Workers who are eligible to elect a monthly NEL benefit payable for life have 30 days from the date of the decision letter to make the election. This election is irrevocable. This time frame applies to both initial NEL benefit determination decisions and NEL benefit redetermination decisions.
If the worker is entitled to make a payment election but is mentally or physically unable to do so, the individuals identified in 15-01-07, Guardians for Workers/Survivors, can make the election on behalf of the worker, but they must do so within the allowed time.
A seriously ill worker, through a power of attorney, may appoint an individual(s) to act on his or her behalf. An individual(s) duly appointed in this manner can make the payment election for the worker, but must do so within the time allowed.
Payment in cases of death
If the worker dies before the NEL benefit is paid, the WSIB pays the lump sum benefit to the estate. If the NEL benefit is already being paid monthly or the worker has elected the monthly payment option, the WSIB pays the worker’s estate the value of the NEL monthly payments up to the date of the worker’s death.
In some cases, the deceased worker’s dependents may be entitled to survivor’s benefits, see 20-01-02, Survivors - General.
Workers may apply to have their NEL benefits reviewed if their work-related impairment(s) significantly deteriorates. See 18-05-09, Redeterminations.
This policy applies to all decisions made on or after March 30, 2011, for injuries/diseases on or after January 2, 1990.
Policy review schedule
This policy will be reviewed within 5 years of the application date.
This document replaces 18-05-04 dated July 18, 2008.
This document was previously published as:
18-05-04 dated October 12, 2004
18-05-04 dated June 15, 1999
6.3* dated January 1, 1998
05-06-01* dated July 25, 1997.
* These documents were replaced by 18-05-04 dated June 15, 1999.
Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997, as amended
Sections 46, 47, 106
O. Reg. 175/98
Workers' Compensation Act, R.S.O. 1990, as amended
R.R.O. 1990, Reg. 1102
Board of Directors
#5(g), June 30, 1999, Page 6174
#2, September 6, 2011, Page 490